Note that many of these articles refer to etiquette - as opposed to laws - of the game. But it is an important component too in order to ensure a smooth and pleasant game for all.
Step up to the Mat
Whenever you deliver a bowl that comes to rest on or near your rink's boundary line, it is your responsibility (or another member of your team who is at the same end) to check to see if it is In or Out of the rink. To do this, stand on the bank behind the center of the white marker. Look directly towards the corresponding white marker at the other end. Then signal clearly to let your skip know if this bowl is in or out.
This action is often overlooked, leaving the skip shouting and waiving at the owner of the errant shot! Sometimes none of the players at the mat end seem to know what the skip wants. Please, if you do roll a marginal shot, go straight to the rinks (the lane you are in) marker and communicate with your skip.
A bowl is not considered outside the line unless it is entirely clear of the line. (Like tennis and soccer, on the line is in). If in doubt, ask your opponent to check too.
There seems to be a lot of confusion about what to do when a bowl from an adjoining rink crosses into your rink. What should you do? The number one rule to remember is that you are responsible for everything that takes place on your rink. So, if any bowl from an adjoining rink comes into your rink, someone in the head must take action if the bowl is likely to collide with any of your bowls.
A Touchy Subject
The most important thing to remember is that only a bowl, which, in its original course on the green, touches the jack, shall be be called a "toucher". If, after coming to rest, a bowl falls over and touches the jack, it is also a toucher provided the next succeeding bowl has not been delivered or, in the case of the last bowl of an end, before 30 seconds has elapsed.
Marking: A toucher shall be clearly marked with chalk immediately or before the next succeeding bowl comes to rest. All chalk marks shall be removed before the bowl is played again.
Remember, once the jack is in the ditch, no further bowls can become touchers. Players should be therefore be ready to stop a bowl that is about to enter the ditch so that it does not move the jack.
Listen to the ExpertsHere are some comments from champion bowlers:
I have been asked a number of times which team should do the measuring. There is no rule stating who should have that responsibility. However, it is suggested that the team conceding shots should measure and remove shot(s) when the count is clearly more than one shot. I endorse this suggestion.
Remember, that whichever team measures, the other team can ask to measure again if they think it is very close. Before signaling to the skips, the measurer and opponent must agree on the number of shots scored.
New Laws for 2007
There are a number of changes in the international laws of bowls which come into force on April 2007.
Here are two to get you started:
Delivery. If the jack or bowl accidentally slips from a player's hand during delivery, the player can pick it up and start the delivery again. (Previously this was counted as the delivery).
Position on the mat. Before delivery a player should be standing on the mat with one foot fully on the mat. At the moment they deliver the jack or bowl, the player should have all or part of one foot on or above the mat. (Previously the whole foot had to be on or over the mat).
Tips for Leads and Vices
A lead should play up and down on the same side of the green as much as possible as very few greens have the same pace on both sides. By playing backhand one way and forehand the other, the lead is able to keep a more consistent length than, say, playing backhand both ways and thus using two sides of the green.
Don't Crowd the Head
In triples, only the two vices should be standing behind the head. The leads should be at the back of the green. When skip A is on the mat, then the vice for team A should be in the head to communicate with the skip. Once the skip's bowl comes to rest, skip B takes over the mat and vice B takes over the head.
Only one vice should actually be in the head at any given time until the end is completed. Then both will agree the score - after measuring if necessary. Normally the team conceding the end would do the measuring. In a pairs game the same rules apply only it is the leads alternating in the head.
A bit of etiquette: Please remember that to play well you need to concentrate. By all means be sociable on the green, but don't talk continuously and distract other bowlers. Cell phones are also a distraction. Please keep them off the green and preferably turned off while you are playing.
How many times do your bowls seem to end up narrow? Too often for many, especially new bowlers. This usually happens because you are over anxious to see where your bowl is going, so you look up towards the jack before your bowl is fully rolling along your aim line. This causes your arm to pull across your body in the direction of the target, and the bowl will almost always finish narrow!
The remedy is to consciously keep your head down and your eyes on the chosen delivery line for a few extra seconds before you look up. I am sure you will be pleased with the results if you follow this single tip.
Position of Players
Here are a few tips for new bowlers and maybe some experienced ones too:
Position of Players - within their own rink:
Position of Players - in relation to a neighboring rink:
Position of Players - walking down the green:
Whenever you walk down your own rink always go down the middle. This avoids walking along the bowling lines.
Tips for Skips
Here are a few tips from a top professional for all skips to note. He says, however good skips are, they should regard themselves as being on a permanent learning curve along with every other player. A good skip should be a statesman as well as an expert shot maker. Confident, respectful of team members, supportive, and a good communicator! The skip doesn't put up with negative talk or unconstructive criticism and is guilty of neither.
A skip generally gets the kudus when the team wins, so be sure to spread the credit around to other players. If the team loses, however, the skip should take full responsibility, regardless of the other team members' performance. To be a skip is a privilege, show confidence in your team through your bearing and body language.
Oh, to have all those good qualities! We all have our faults, and this is a reminder to work on correcting them. Other team members will appreciate it.
Leading the Way
Many believe a good Lead is the most important player on the rink, so remember that whenever you are on the green. A Lead needs to be a skilled draw bowler with the ability to put his/her bowls near and preferably behind the Jack (18 inches to 2 feet is ideal. (Check with your Skip, some prefer the bowls in front).
Don't forget too that Leads should never change hands unless asked to by their Skip. You can, of course, change hands on the next end, and it is often beneficial to bowl on the forehand in one direction and on the backhand in the opposite direction - as then you are using the same side of the rink all the time.
The Skip looks to the Lead to build a good foundation, so don't be intimidated if the opposing Lead is out bowling you. Stay concentrated on getting your bowls as close to the jack as possible and this will give your team a chance regardless. A Lead must also learn to be an expert at delivering the Jack to the length the Skip thinks is most suitable. A final reminder: "One bowl behind the Jack is worth ten in the way".
The Heart of the Team
In the last few months, we have discussed the roles of the Skip and the Lead. Now it's the turn of the Second or Vice. (the official term is Second).
The Second will aim to put his/her bowls close to the jack of the lead has not done so. Otherwise, he/she will follow the Skip's advice and provide positional bowls and/or draw to an imaginary jack. The Second should leave the head in good shape with bowls around the jack, back bowls and position bowls. Occasionally a Second may even be asked to break up a head with a drive. The objective is to give the Skip every chance to complete the end successfully.
When the Skip is on the mat, the Second should only offer advice to the Skip when asked or when the head has altered. Too often a Second fails to advise the Skip when there is a change in the head i.e. from being one up to one down. The Skip must be made aware of any changes as this will influence his/her choice of shot.
A Second must be good at reading the head and giving advice if necessary. Finally, a Second must be a good communicator and give clear signals at all times. Now you can see that a good Second is the heart of the team.
Possession of the Rink
Possession of the rink belongs to the player or team whose bowl is being played. As soon as that bowl comes to rest, possession of the rink will transfer to the opposing team (after allowing time to mark a toucher once it has come to rest). All your team players must come out of the head and your bowler must leave the mat.
Players who are not controlling play (from either team) should stand (a) behind the jack and away from the head or (b) on the surrounds of the green if the jack is in the ditch. Players at the mat end of the rink who are not delivering a bowl should stand at least 1yard behind the mat.
Finally, all players at the head end should remain still and quiet when a player is on the mat and should not block either the center marker or the boundary markers from the bowlers view. Equally, players behind the mat should remain still and quiet once a bowler is on the mat.
Remember, you can go back into the head when your team's player next has possession of the mat. But there should only be one player actually in the head at one time until the end is completed or there is a dispute that requires the two teams to confer.
Getting it right
For a change, how about looking at a couple of rules that we all need to know and follow when delivering the jack.
When checking to see whether a jack has been delivered the legal minimum distance, it must be centered first and then checked to see if the whole of the jack is at least 23 meters from the front of the mat.
If the jack, in its normal course comes to rest less that 2 meters from the ditch, it should be placed on the center line of the rink, with the furthest point of the jack being at the 2 meter mark from the ditch.
Finally, a good sportsmanship reminder for all skips. Remember that the player(s) on your team are doing their best, and that you, as a skip, are not always perfect yourself!
Finding the Delivery Line
Here is a tip for finding the right delivery line. It will also help you adjust your line as the speed of the green changes. When you chose an aiming point and make your first delivery, look for the widest point of the arc (the “crown”) and note where your bowl finishes. The distance between the point of the crown perpendicular to a point on a direct line from the mat to your bowl is your draw (diagram 1).
In this case, you can see that if you aim your next delivery at your first bowl, you will end up very near the center line (diagram 2). Now you only need to adjust the weight to bowl to the target. As the condition of the green changes, whether it gets slower or faster, your draw may change.
Continue to monitor your draw so that you will be able to make the proper adjustments to your delivery.